Study links smoking with fertility treatment failure

A new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study found that smoking in the three months prior to assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment was associated with higher adjusted odds of cycle cancellation, which resulted in poor outcomes. The article was published in Journal of Women’s Health.

This study used National ART Surveillance System data on ART treatments performed between 2009 and 2013 in all U.S. states and territories. Researchers from the CDC found that more than 12,000 ART cycles during this period were potentially exposed to smoking. Although smoking increased the odds of cycle cancellation, associations with other clinical outcomes were not significant.

“As smoking may reduce the chance of becoming pregnant with ART, it is important that providers discuss with women the effects of smoking on fertility and pregnancy outcomes,” states Susan G. Kornstein, MD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Women’s Health and Executive Director of the Virginia Commonwealth University Institute for Women’s Health, Richmond, VA. “Women should be offered information about effective smoking cessation interventions and support to help them quit smoking before they start ART treatment.”

Be sure to talk to your doctor about smoking cessation before starting your ART treatment.

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