Some fertility problems can be caused by endometriosis, a condition in which endometrial tissue, which normally lines the inside of the uterus, is found in the pelvic area or lower abdomen. More than 176 million women and girls worldwide suffer from endometriosis, but its cause is unknown.
Now researchers say they have uncovered cellular activity that may provide a better understanding of the condition, which may ultimately lead to new and better treatments.
The study, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was published in the journal Science Translational Medicine. The researchers discovered that certain proteins called cykotines were linked to ovarian and rectal-vaginal lesions. These cytokines were also correlated with infertility.
This discovery could lead to new drug therapies and help physicians determine the most effective treatment for patients based on the precise molecular profiles of their tumors.